According to the new who estimates nine out of ten people breathe air polluted throughout the world. The Organization warns of pollution atmospheric but also indoor air pollution.
The numbers are very bad. 90% of the world’s population breathes a polluted air and 7 million people die each year because of pollution, according to a report of the World Health Organization (who) released on Wednesday. The deaths are due to the poor quality of the outside air, but also pollution inside the housing.
“The poorest and the most marginalized populations are the first to suffer,” says Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-general of who. He says that “3 billion people breathe daily deadly fumes emitted by stoves and fuels inside their homes”.
Heart, respiratory and brain problems
Deaths caused by pollution are the result of exposure to fine particles. They cause lung cancer, respiratory infections, heart disease and stroke. The overwhelming majority of the pollution-related deaths (90%) occur in low-and middle-income countries.
Access to technologies of clean cookstoves increases at home, but more slowly than population growth in many parts of the world, “particularly in sub-Saharan Africa”, says who.
Despite these bad results, who welcome the fact that more and more cities measure the quality of the air. They are a thousand more since 2016 while many megacities have levels of pollutants five times higher than the recommendations of the organization. A shade however: most of these cities are in high-income countries.
A number of States also take encouraging measures. The India easier access to cleaner cooking fuels to 37 million people. In Mexico, the capital Mexico City removes the traffic bus emitting soot.
WHO recalls finally that “pollution air knows no boundaries” and calls on countries to work together “to find solutions in terms of sustainable transport, production and use of more efficient and renewable energy, thus as for waste management.
More deaths than AIDS
Pollution makes more cumulative deaths from AIDS (1.1 million) or the (1.3 million) road accidents.
According to the latest figures of the UN Organization, nine people out of ten (91% of the world population) are exposed daily to air containing “high levels of pollutants”. WHO recommends the annual limit of 10 µg/m³ in fine particles PM2, 5 (diameter less than 2.5 micrometers).
The most affected regions are the Southeast (including India) Asia and the Western Pacific (including China), with more than two million deaths per year each. Africa total nearly one million victims. The countries of the Eastern Mediterranean arc focus as many dead as the whole of the European continent: some 500,000. The Americas takes the last place in the standings but with everything even more than 300,000 deaths annually.